Sunday, January 12, 2020
SM1008 Art of Moving Image Cashback Director: Sean Ellis Actors: Sean Biggerstaff (Ben Willis, an art student), Emila Fox (Sharon, a checkout girl in the supermarket), Shaun Evans (Sean, best friend of Ben), Michelle Ryan (Suzy, the ex-girlfriend of Ben) Genre: Comedy, Drama and Romance Release Date: 31 May 2007 Introduction Have you ever think about freezing the time? What will you do in the extra time if you suffer from insomnia? These are the situation that Ben Willis in. In Cashback, time is a very important element. Therefore, I will write about (1) the speed of motion in the cinematography.Also, a voice-over of Ben is appeared throughout the whole movie. I will write about (2) the narrator and (3) causality of the narrative form. Finally, I would like to write about (4) the music in some specific scenes. Storyline When Ben goes through a painful break-up with Suzy, he develops insomnia. To kill time, he starts working the late night shift at the supermarket. There he meets a co lorful cast of characters, all of whom have their own Ã¢â¬ËartÃ¢â¬â¢ to deal with the boredom of eight-hour shift. BenÃ¢â¬â¢s art is that imagining the time is frozen. He can appreciate the beauty of the frozen world and the eople, especially Sharon, who may hold the answer for Ben. (1) Speed of motion In Cashback, large amount of scenes change the speed of motion, including slow motion and the extreme case, time lapse. According to Bordwell and Thompson (p. 172), there are two functions of using slow motion that are being used in Cashback, (i) emphasis, becoming a way of dwelling on a moment of spectacle or high drama and (ii) actions take place in dream or fantasy or to convey enormous power. I think there is also (iii) other reason of using the slow motion in this film. (i) Emphasis, a moment of spectacle or high drama a)In the football match scene, the team of Ben is falling behind without any score. They discuss about the strategy and they have determination to score one point. The whole process of Ben controlling the football and his boss shooting the goal is in slow motion. It emphasizes the morale of the whole team. After the failure of shooting the goal, you can see the ball flying over the boss slowly and the disappointing facial expression of the boss. It gives a moment of high drama. Then, the speed of motion becomes normal. BenÃ¢â¬â¢s boss is hurt by the football, which is shooting by the teammate nd brings the match to the end. (b) In the kissing scene, Ben is second time kissed by Sharon. The kiss breaks the spell. Ben can finally fall in asleep after the kiss. It is an important scene so it changes the normal speed to slow motion in order to emphasize the importance since Ben is suffered from insomnia and the pain of break up for a few months. (ii) In dream or fantasy or to convey enormous power (a) Ben and Sean go to find the stripper for the performance in the bossÃ¢â¬â¢s birthday party. Ben imagines that Sharon has a strip dancing for him when the stripper is praising the quality of nother stripper. The imagined strip-dancing scene is in slow motion because it is only a fantasy in BenÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. (b) At the opening scene, Suzy is arguing with Ben after he suggests breaking up. The voice-over of Ben said that it is first real break up in front of him and he never thought it was going to be similar to a car crush. Although it is BenÃ¢â¬â¢s suggestion, the voice-over confesses this is a great impact to Ben. Therefore, it uses slow motion. The same thing is done again in the arguing scene between Sharon and Ben. (c) After the break up, the image of Suzy always appears in BenÃ¢â¬â¢s mind.He always thinks of the time being with Suzy. All these memories again appear in slow motion, as it is a great deal and the reason of BenÃ¢â¬â¢s insomnia. He cannot forget these happy memories. (d) In Cashback, a lot of experiences of Ben in childhood is introduced to the audience. One of them is the first time of seeing a nude woman body(a Swedish student lived in his house), which is an impressive memory to Ben. Slow motion is used when the Swedish girl walking upstairs. Because of this experience, Ben knows the beauty of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s body and believes it is the most eautiful thing in the world. This may be the reason why he likes to draw picture of nude women. According to Bordwell and Thompson (p. 173), time-lapse cinematography shows us some natural phenomenon or street scenes (that continue in a long period of time) in a second or a minute. Time-lapse cinematography is used a lot in Cashback. It gives a sense of time flies in a busy city from day to night. Although time is passed away so quick, in BenÃ¢â¬â¢s eye, days wear on like years. Like the still of left hand corner, the surveillance camera shows that only Ben stands still in the iddle and many customers are passing by in a time-lapse cinematography. The contradiction between them shows that the feeling of Ben more obviously. (2) The narrator According to Bordwell and Thompson (p. 100), narration can use a narrator, some specific agent who purports to be telling us the story. The narrator can be a character in the story. In Cashback, Ben Willis is the narrator throughout the whole film. His narration shifts between restricted and unrestricted knowledge and varying degrees of objectivity and subjectivity. A part of BenÃ¢â¬â¢s narration is talking about him and the events that he involves.It is highly subjective. When he is having the arguments with Sharon and Suzy respectively, the voice of them is muted but only BenÃ¢â¬â¢s voice-over is saying the feelings of him. It shows his inner world to the audiences. In the scene of the first day working in the supermarket, BenÃ¢â¬â¢s voice over is saying something that is showing his character traits, he knows and likes observing the beauty of still object. Also, there are several scenes that Ben is confessing his childhood as a narrator. These all are very persona l and subjective. It is the point of view of Ben.The narration is not only events about Ben himself, but also about the childhood and love stories of Sean, which are the events that Ben did not witness. BenÃ¢â¬â¢s narration gives a wide range of information to the audiences. It becomes an important part of the narrative form in Cashback. (3) Causality In Cashback, Ben Willis is the character that mainly encounters all the cause-and-effect. Basically, all the events are from BenÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view. He is a very sentimental art student. He has the unique method to deal with the extra time during the period of suffering from insomnia.He imagines the time is frozen. As he is obsessed with the beauty of women, he can draw pictures with naked womenÃ¢â¬â¢s body in the frozen world. Because he can appreciate different women in the frozen world, he finds out Sharon is the most beautiful one among them. Her eyes, pale milky skin and delicate frame attract him. He finally falls in love with Sharon. He draws her over and over. This is a cause of an important event afterwards. He argues with Sharon because she saw his ex- girlfriend kissing him in the party. Later, he has an opportunity to achieve his dream (has his own rt exhibition) because of a joke by his colleagues. He shows all the pieces of Sharon in the exhibition and invite Sharon to see. Finally Sharon forgives him because of all these drawings. (4) Power of music in the movie Music is an important element in a movie. It can strengthen the mood or atmosphere of some particular scene. In Cashback, a soundtrack called Casta Diva is used twice. It is from an opera, Noma. It is used in both scenes of Ben arguing with Sharon and Suzy. The voice of the protagonists are muted and Casta Diva is played as a background music.The surge of this soundtrack raises the agitated mood in the argument. It is better than only showing the content of the argument because what they are arguing is not important anymore. The imp ortance is showing the similarities between two argument and feelings of Ben because BenÃ¢â¬â¢s narration stated that it seems to have met before. The football match scene that I mentioned before also uses a background music to raise the mood. The music gives the intense feeling to that scene, as it is a decisive moment that determine they can break their zero record.Combining the slow motion and the music, the mood is increased to the climax, so that the audiences can experience the emotion of the character inside the football match. The introduction of a character, Barry Brickman, uses a classical music, Bolero. It is ballet music composed by Ravel. It is music with brisk rhythm and graceful melody. Barry is riding on his scooter and shuttling between the shelves in supermarket. I think it can show the character traits of Barry. He is a spry and funny person who likes riding scooter a lot. He thinks that he is a very talented stuntman.This trait is clearly shown in the other sce nes afterwards. It is also an important trait to the causality. It is because he tries to do a stunt in the bossÃ¢â¬â¢s birthday party. He rides on a paper box to slide down the staircase. This action let Sharon see the kissing scene between Ben and Suzy. It drives her mad and ignores Ben. Therefore, it contributes to the causality. Conclusion Cashback is a very special movie to me. I have not seen a movie using so much techniques of changing the speed of the scenes. It makes me understand the function of slow motion and time- apse much clearer. I think it can be an example to talk about the speed of motion. On the other hand, the narrator and the music contribute to the film a lot too. It helps us to understand more about the story and also provide information to us. Word Count: 1668 Cited Work Bordwell & Thompson , 9th Edition Cashback (2006) Plot Summary http://www. imdb. com/title/tt0460740/plotsummary Cashback (2006) Sountrack http://www. imdb. com/title/tt0460740/soundtrack Bolero Ã¢â¬â Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Bolero
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, Chicago City is the third largest city in the United States, with three million populations. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s located in the state of Illinois. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s land area around two hundred and thirty-seven square miles, it has dozens of cultural institutions, historical sites and museums, more than two hundred theaters and two hundred art galleries, seventy-seven community area contains more than one hundred neighborhoods, fifteen bathing beaches. The City of Chicago occupying an area of sixty thousand hectares, and located one hundred and seventy-six meters above sea level on the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan. At one hundred and ninety-kilometer-wide and four hundred and ninety-five kilometers long, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the fifth largest body of fresh water in the world. The Calumet and Chicago rivers are traversing the City. Around three hundred hectares of Chicago City parks visited by an estimated eighty-six million visitors each year. Also, The Ci ty of Chicago is Known as a multicultural city and very passionate sports town. It has the advantage of trading possibilities. Today, half of the United States rail freight continues to pass through Chicago City. Also, OÃ¢â¬â¢Hare and Midway International airports are making the City of Chicago the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s busiest aviation center. The City of Chicago is considered a leader in reforming public school, providing affordable housing, enhancing public safety and security initiatives, and ensuring accessibility for all andShow MoreRelatedThe City Of The Chicago City1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Cloud Gate that is also called The Bean, is the best attraction in the Chicago city. As so many tourists come from different region of world to visit the Chicago city, they see that shiny bean as a selfie place. The bean is in Millennium Park which is open from 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. with free admission. The visitors traveling can get to the park using primary Chicago public transportations either bus or subway. Using CTA, one can take red line subway train to Randolph and from there it is aRead MoreThe City Of Chicago, Illinois1378 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe city of Chicago, Illinois has a total population of 2,695,598. The largest population out of my three cities, the population is composed of 31.7 percent non- Hispanic w hites and the second largest contributor to the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s total population is Non-Hispanic Blacks with 32.4 percent. Hispanic or Latinos consist of 28.9 percent of the population. I have chosen this city as an immigrant city due to the sheer numbers of Hispanic population. Another reason it was chosen as such, was because out ofRead MoreChicago Is A Diverse City1669 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChicago is portrayed as a diverse city, especially in downtown Chicago. However, Chicago is, in fact, a segregated city. On the Northside of Chicago, the population is predominantly white, while on the South and West Side the population is made up of Hispanics and African Americans. To begin, living on the South and West Sides, someone is more likely to eat unhealthily. For example, on the Northside someone will be able to find grocery stores that have organic food, unlike on the South Side, whereRead MoreWrestling In Chicago : The Windy City In Chicago797 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesworld is full of incredible wrestling cities such as London, Philadelphia, New York, LA, Orlando and more. But nothing compares to the Windy City! With NXT Takeover and Backlash having took place in Chicago last week, itÃ¢â¬â¢s only fitting to write this. Consistently ranked as the best or one of the best wrestling cities in the world by sites like Wrestlezone, Sportster, Bleacher Report and acknowledged by WWE and its wrestlers, Chicago is one of the greatest cities in the world. So here are 5 reasonsRead More Chicago: A City Of The Senses Essay658 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Chicago: A City of the Senses nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Chicago has enjoyed the tourist spotlight over the years, due to its cultural and economical prosperity. The crowded streets, ethnic bakeries, and popular malls add zest and flavor to this enriching city. Since my short visit in May with a high school class, I have dreamed of making the busy commuters, blinding and mind-altering lights, and sheer musical excitement a part of my everyday life. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Commuters livenedRead MoreCity Demographics and Crime Profile of Chicago666 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCity Demographics and Crime Profile of Chicago AJS 514 October 19, 2015 James L. Smith City Demographics and Crime Profile of Chicago Chicago is a big and beautiful city in the United States, this paper will discuss the cities demographics and analyze a criminal profile. It will include the characterization of the city in terms of social and intellectual context and identify social factors that contribute to crime. A description of beliefs people living there would accept for explainingRead MoreMcdonald V. City of Chicago Case Briefing729 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCase Citation: McDonald v. City of Chicago, 130 S. Ct. 3020 (2010) 2. Facts: * Procedural (history) - what lower courts decided * The U.S. District Court and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit affirms, holding that the Second Amendment does not apply to states or localities. * Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court Of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit * Reversed and remanded * NRA of Am., Inc. v. City of Chicago, 567 F.3d 856, 2009 U.S.Read MoreThe City Of Chicago, A New City Block And Towering Three Stories Above Englewood1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Duality Sprawling an entire city block and towering three stories above Englewood, a thriving suburb just south of Chicago, sat a building that would come to be known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Murder CastleÃ¢â¬ . Constructed during the gilded age of America, in an atmosphere of booming financial success that was bursting with real-estate development, job seekers, tycoons, and self-made millionaires who were held in high esteem. The city of Chicago still bustling from rebuilding after the great fire of 1871, became aRead MoreCase Analysis : V The City Of Chicago Case No866 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCase synopsis Vasich, et al. v. The city Of Chicago, Case No. 11-CV-4843 (N.D. III. Sept. 5, 2013) is a case containing class action litigations in the workplace. As told within the case, it allowed for a settlement agreement. There was a guilty verdict on charges of gender discrimination. The court pointed out on the inconsistency of the ruling in this case due to the relation to the constitutional necessities of the Title VII of the Equal Employment Act. The court placed a ban because of this resultRead MoreEssay on City of Chicago Information Security Policy2918 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesCritique of current Chicago information security policy Enterprise Information Security Policy (EISP) Areas similar to standards discussed Overview of the corporate philosophy on security Documents the Introduction and Purpose of the Information security policy of Chicago It provides a reasonable framework that helps the reader to understand the intent of the document Overview Ã¯â · The City of Chicago (City) intends to manage its information technology and information assets to maximize their efficient
Friday, December 27, 2019
The different types of marriage records that might be available for your ancestors, and the amount and kind of information they contain,Ã will vary depending on the location and time period, as well as sometimes the parties religion. In some localities, a marriage license may include the most details, while in a different locality and time period more information might be found in the marriage register. Locating all available marriage record types increases the chance of learning additional informationÃ¢â¬âincluding confirmation that the marriage actually took place, the names of parents or witnesses, or the religion of one or both parties to the marriage. Records of Intentions to Marry Marriage Banns Ã¢â¬â Banns, sometimes spelled bans, were public notice of an intended marriage between two specified persons on a particular date. Banns began as a church custom, later proscribed by English common law, that required the parties to give advance public notice of their intention to marry over three consecutive Sundays, either in church or a public place. The purpose was to give anyone who might have an objection to the marriage, to state why the marriage should not take place. Usually, this was because one or both of the parties was too young or already married, or because they were more closely related than allowed by law. Marriage Bond Ã¢â¬â A monetary pledge or guarantee given to the court by the intended groom and a bondsman to affirmÃ that there was no moral or legal reason why the couple could not be married, and also that the groom would not change his mind. If either party declined to go through with the union, or of one of the parties was found to be ineligibleÃ¢â¬âfor example, already married, too closely related to the other party, or underage without parental approvalÃ¢â¬âthe bond money was generally forfeit. The bondsman, or surety, was often a brother or uncle to the bride, although he could also be a relative of the groom or even a neighbor ofÃ aÃ friend of either of the two parties. The use of marriage bonds was especially common in the southern and mid-Atlantic states through the first half of the nineteenth century. In colonial Texas, where Spanish law required colonists to be Catholic, a marriage bond was used in a slightly different fashionÃ¢â¬âas a pledge to local authorities in situations where there was no Roman Catholic priest available that the couple agreed to have their civil marriage solemnized by a priest as soon as the opportunity came available. Marriage License Ã¢â¬âÃ Perhaps the most commonly found record of a marriage is the marriage license. The purpose of a marriage license was to ensure that the marriage conformed to all legal requirements, such as both parties being of lawful age and not too closely related to one another.Ã After confirming there were no impediments to the marriage, aÃ license form was issued by a local public official (usually the county clerk) to the couple intending to marry, and granted permission to anyone authorized to solemnize marriages (minister, Justice of the Peace, etc.) to perform the ceremony.Ã The marriage was usuallyÃ¢â¬âbut not alwaysÃ¢â¬âperformed within a few days after the granting of the license. In many localities both the marriage license and the marriage return (see below) are found recorded together. Marriage Application Ã¢â¬â In some jurisdictions and time periods, the law required that a marriage application to be filled out before a marriage license could be issued. In such situations, the application often required more information than was recorded on the marriage license, making it especially useful for family history research. Marriage applications may be recorded in separate books or might be found with the marriage licenses.Ã Consent Affidavit Ã¢â¬â In most jurisdictions, individuals under the lawful age could still be married withÃ the consent of a parent or guardian as long as they were still above a minimum age. The age at which an individual required consent varied by locality and time period, as well as whether they were male or female. Commonly, this might be anyone under the age of twenty-one; in some jurisdictions, lawful age was sixteen or eighteen, or even as young as thirteen or fourteen for females. Most jurisdictions also had a minimum age, not allowing children under the age of twelve or fourteen to marry, even with parental consent. In some cases, this consent may have taken the form of a written affidavit, signed by the parent (usually the father) or legal guardian. Alternatively, the consent may have been given verbally to the county clerk in front of one or more witnesses, and then noted along with the marriage record. Affidavits were also sometimes recorded to affirm that both individuals were of legal age. Marriage Contract or Settlement Ã¢â¬â While much less common than the other marriage record types discussed here, marriage contracts have been recorded since colonial times. Similar to what we would now call a prenuptial agreement, marriage contracts or settlements were agreements made prior to marriage, most commonly when the woman-owned property in her own name or wished to ensure that property left by a former husband would go to his children and not the new spouse. Marriage contracts might be found filed among the marriage records, or recorded in the deed books or records of the local court. In areas governed by civil law, however, marriage contracts were much more common, used as a means for both parties to protect their property, regardless of their economic or social status. Marriage licenses, bonds,Ã andÃ banns all indicate that a marriage wasÃ plannedÃ to take place, but not that it actually happened. For proof that a marriage actually took place, youll need to look for any of the following records: Records Documenting That a Marriage Took Place Marriage CertificateÃ Ã¢â¬â A marriage certificate confirms a marriage and is signed by the person officiating at the marriage. The downside is, that the original marriage certificate ends up in the hands of the bride and groom, so if it hasnt been passed down in the family, you may not be able to locate it. In most localities, however, the information from the marriage certificate, or at least verification that the marriage actually took place, is recorded at the bottom or on the back of the marriage license, or in a separate marriage book (seeÃ marriage registerÃ below). Marriage Return / Ministers ReturnÃ Ã¢â¬â Following the wedding, the minister or officiant would complete a paper called aÃ marriage return indicating that he had married the couple and on what date. He would later return it to the local registrar as proof that the marriage occurred. In manyÃ localities,Ã you can find this returnÃ recorded at the bottom or on the back of the marriage license. Alternatively, the information may be located in a Marriage Register (see below) or in a separate volume of ministers returns. The lack of an actual marriage date orÃ marriageÃ return does not always mean the marriage didnt take place, however. In someÃ cases,Ã the minister or officiant may have simply forgotten to drop off the return, or it wasnt recorded for whatever reason. Marriage RegisterÃ Ã¢â¬â Local clerks generally recorded the marriages they performed in a marriage register or book. Marriages performed by another officiant (e.g.Ã minister, justice of the peace, etc.) were also generally recorded, following receipt of theÃ marriageÃ return. Sometimes marriage registers incorporate information from a variety of marriage documents, so may include the names of the couples; their ages, birthplaces, and current locations; the names of their parents, the names of witnesses, the name of the officiant and the date of marriage. Newspaper AnnouncementÃ Ã¢â¬â Historical newspapers are a rich source for information on marriages, including those which may predate the recording of marriages in that locality. SearchÃ historical newspaper archivesÃ for engagement announcements and marriage announcements, paying special attention to clues such as the location of the marriage, the name of the officiant (may indicate religion), the members of the marriage party, the names of guests, etc. Dont overlook religious or ethnic newspapers if you know the ancestors religion, or if they belong to a specific ethnic group (e.g. the local German-language newspaper).
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Before the World War II, many women only held jobs in the house providing for their children, husband, and the needs that came with taking care of the household, but during the war, this completely changed. Many women were given new opportunities consisting of new jobs, new skills, new challenges, and greater chances to do things that were once only of imagination to them. Women made the war especially possible with taking over the jobs that men would usually do, but could not do because of the war. One of the first things that encouraged women to take on jobs of the men who went off to war was the propaganda. Propaganda consisted of films, radio, and print. These advertisements used showed women fighting in the army and many working inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Women held office jobs so that the men could go off to war, worked in factories expanding industrial output, and helped raise money in the community. The women are what helped keep the country running. When women filled j obs that were traditionally menÃ¢â¬â¢s, this aided the country as a whole because while men fought in the war, women were able to keep the country moving. Women not only worked in factories and offices, but working in the community played an immense role in helping the soldiers fighting. Women raised money for the war, collected blood, rolled bandages, aided in civil defense, tended Victory Gardens, and hosted troops. Some women still worked at home centering their work around what the soldiers needed. They recycled aluminum foil and other materials that were scarce, they raised children as usual, and mourned for the soldier that had died. Women were assisting the troops with all that they could in order to make life easier for them. The armed forces launched rallies, advertising campaigns, community programs of outreach, and college student appeals. Most advertisements would show women in uniform as fabulous. The uniforms were the predominant sign that women were contributing to the war in an important way. The uniforms helped to unify the nation by sending a message that there was a purpose in economic, regional, and social differences. Women were in the military as Army Nurse Corps and in the beginning,Show MoreRelatedEssay American Women of World War II1120 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBefore 1939, women were looked at as weak, incompetent and incapable of doing a manÃ¢â¬â¢s job. However, when World War II broke out, women were called to maintain the jobs that the men once occupied and t became evident that AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s best chance for success in World War II would have to include the efforts of American females. Women played a key role during World War II in the U.S. More than six million women took wartime j obs in factories, three million volunteered with the Red Cross, and over 200Read MoreWorld War II : A Brutal And Long War1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWorld War II happened during the time that women wanted more rights and wanted to be able to work. So when World War II happened, it created new job opportunities and women were able and willing to work. The war was fought between two alliances that was against each other, Ã¢â¬Å"the opposing alliances are now referred to as Ã¢â¬ËThe AxisÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËThe AlliesÃ¢â¬â¢. The Axis group consisted of Germany, Italy, and Japan. The Allies group consisted of France, Britain, the U.S., the Soviet Union, and China. World WarRead MoreWomen and their Involvement in World War II Essay787 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWomen and their Involvement in World War II Women had a huge role in the World War II that so many do not recognize. Women were involved in many different jobs that allowed them to step out of the ordinary norm as the Ã¢â¬Å"typical housewifeÃ¢â¬ , and dive into fierce hardworking jobs that until then only a man could do. Women jumped into the factories and many different roles that contributed to World War II, because the need for more American workers was crucial. A few roles of women prior to theRead MoreWomens Role During World War 11 Essay1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Role During World War II During World War II, thousands of women in various nations were deeply involved in volunteer work alongside men. Before World War II, the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s role was simply to be a wife to her husband, a mother to her children, and a caretaker to the house (Barrow). As World War II raged on, women made enormous sacrifices for their family, and also learnt new jobs and new skills. Women were needed to fill many Ã¢â¬Å"male jobsÃ¢â¬ , while men went off to fight in the war. Women served withRead MoreWomen During World War II1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe beginning of World War II saw Australians see war on their shores for the first time, as well as having to travelling overseas to fight another war. It required young men to leave their country to fight, this affected the women who were left behind. World War II started in 1939 and ended in 1945. World War II was a large world conflict. During this world conflict Australia was under the threat of attack for the first time. When the war s tarted there was a lack of man power on the home front whichRead MoreWomen During World War II1059 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Women during World War II In the past, WWII and WWI, women were very dominant; they had to take care of their children, do all the chores and also had to cook the food. During WWII, women had to take place for the men (First world war.com). The war changed the life for all Canadian women. When men went to fight, women were called upon to fill their jobs, and this included many jobs that were previously thought of unsuitable for women. Women were called up for war work fromRead MoreCanadian Women and the Second World War1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCanada Women and the Second World War The changing roles of women throughout history has been drastic, and none more so than the period during and after World War II. The irrevocable changes that occurred once the war started and women went to work were unprecedented. In the end, the changing role of CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s women during the War was the beginning of a chain reaction of events that have forever changed the Canadian workplace and also that of menÃ¢â¬â¢s archaic views on the capabilities of women in generalRead MoreWomen in World War 2888 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesyoung women working to help the war effort. It was 1941 and the United States finally entered World War II. Most propaganda of the United States encouraged the average women to join the workforce and help with the war effort. With men fighting abroad, it was only necessary for women to start working and leave their normal lives of being a mother and wife. The War Department of the United States emphasized that with women working hard their sons, brothers, and husbands could return quicker (Women atRead MoreEssay The Role of Women in Australian Society During World War II 991 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDuring the World War II era, the outlook on the role of women in Australian society revol utionised. As a majority of men were at war, Australian women were encouraged to rise above and beyond their stereotypical Ã¢â¬ËhousewifeÃ¢â¬â¢ status. They were required to take on the tasks that were once considered predominantly male roles, and also allowed the opportunity to join the armed services as well as enlist in the WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Land Army. Many women who doubted their abilities played their part by entering voluntaryRead MoreCompare and Contrast Women at Home in Ww1 and Ww21249 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe role of women at home during World War I and World War II. Before World War I and World War II, women at home had the roles of maintaining duties for their family and children, such as cleaning, caring for the house, and cooking for the family. They were more likely judged by their exquisiteness rather than their ability. Just before World War I began, women were beginning to break away from the traditional roles they had played at home. Throughout both World Wars, women in the United
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Strategies and HR Implementation. Answer: An organizations strategy is the plan that a company follows to reach its goal. To evaluate a companys strategy the factors that they consider are the working environments that will adjustable and versatile, the size of the company and lastly the age of the company (Mantere, 2013). Taking the example of Marks Spencer whose market share dropped in 2004 to 11%, from 0.2%. This mostly affected their clothing segment. This is due to the strategy that they have which only targeted the rich people with larger market share. To come out of it they must follow the low pricing strategies in the market. To achieve this they used the gap analysis where first, they list the characteristic factors for the cause of their situation then they listed those factors that were required to attain their future objectives and then featuring the gaps that existed and needed to be filled. The strategy that they use helped them to overcome the situation as they can reflect on what their current situation is a nd what their future goals are. Now these strategies are implemented only when the HR department reviews the needs of the company. The basic roles of the HR team are to look after the recruitment process, managing the interviews, salaries and benefits as well as the rules and regulations of the company. They also develop a plan for enhancing the workplace for the workers. It is their responsibility to execute the strategies to pull a skillful workforce to the company (Bamberger, Biron Meshoulam, 2014). References Bamberger, P. A., Biron, M., Meshoulam, I. (2014).Human resource strategy: Formulation, implementation, and impact. Routledge. Mantere, S. (2013). What is organizational strategy? A language?based view.Journal of Management Studies,50(8), 1408-1426.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Discuss and analysis the impact of Chinese culture and traditions upon adopted human resource management and strategic human resource management in multinational companies. ?Analysis the external factors that shape human resource activities will be social, economic, political and legal. 1. 2 Introduce the international human resource management The 80% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s industrial output are produced by the 1000 largest companies in the world. That point out that the world is becoming more international. In all of the international companies international human resource management is a key to get success.The international human resource management (IHRM) is the way in which international organizations manage their human resource across different national contexts. These international organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ human resource manger must address on the culture and external factors. For example the HR manger must find out the way can make HRM is conducted in other countriesÃ¢â¬âthe laws, culture, labour market and so on. China is developing very rapid, owing to the rapid growth of internationalization of Chinese, more and more multinational enterprises (MNEs) have put interest in IHRM. We will write a custom essay sample on International Human Resource Management or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Chapter 2 the impact of national culture As we all know, different countries have different cultures. Culture is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one category of people from another. (Hofstede, 1991) In all of the international organizations or multinational enterprises (MNEs) and many small medium-size enterprises (SMEs) are inevitable that the cultural difference has impact on business. For example, when a company having meeting, the word Ã¢â¬ËtableÃ¢â¬â¢ in American English it means to put something on the agenda.But in British English it means to put something off the agenda. This example indicated how the culture affects the business. Chinese culture has much different from the west countries. For example the language, architecture, relationship to environment and so on. 2. 1 What is culture?  Hodgetts and Luthans (1994) argue that culture is: acquired knowledge that people use to interpret experience and to generate social behavior. This knowledge form values, creates attitudes and influences behaviour. They further suggest that culture can be characterized using the following terms. ?Learned.Culture is acquired by us all as we grow and as we experience, it is acquired through the process of socialization. ?Shared. Culture is a group phenomenon and the group varies. For example, it may be members of a nation, an organization or a sex. ?Transgenerational. It is passed down from one generation to the next. ?Patterned and structured. ?Adaptive. It changes over time and in response to many stimulate. 1 Mike Leat, Human Resource Management Issues of the European Union, 1998, P4 From Hodgetts and Luthans said we know that culture can be characterized using the following figure:Figure 1 Module of Organizational culture 2. 2 National culture The most influential pieces of research in relation to national culture are the work of Hofstede. There are four cultural dimensions that were defined in HifstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s research: ? Power distance ?Uncertainty avoidance ?Individualism v collectivism ?Masculinity v femininity The writer will use HigstedÃ¢â¬â¢s research to analysis Chinese culture and enable a clearer view in how the cultures affect the IHRM in China. Power distance I think the power distance is the most important influence in cultural.The power distance is the distance between a manager and employee. In another word the power distance is how much employee can consent or dissent with bosses or managers. A high power distance indicates that the employee is likely to expect and accept inequality in this power distribution. Like in China the power distance is a high power distance culture. In China the managers or boss always have more privileges to make the decision and superiors. The managersÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions always close supervision positively evaluated by employee.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
The Wasps Monologue Essay Thesis A monologue from the play by Aristophanes NOTE: This monologue is reprinted from Aristophanes: The Eleven Comedies. Trans. Anonymous. London: The Athenian Society, 1922. PHILOCLEON: At the outset I will prove to you that there exists no king whose might is greater than ours. Is there a pleasure, a blessing comparable with that of a juryman? Is there a being who lives more in the midst of delights, who is more feared, aged though he be? From the moment I leave my bed, men of power, the most illustrious in the city, await me at the bar of the tribunal; the moment I am seen from the greatest distance, they come forward to offer me a gentle handthat has pilfered the public funds; they entreat me, bowing right low and with a piteous voice, Oh, father, they say, pity me, I beseech you! Why, the man who thus speaks would not know of my existence, had I not let him off on some former occasion. These entreaties have appeased my wrath, and I enter the courtsfirmly resolved to do nothing that I have promised. Nevertheless I listen to the accused. We will write a custom essay on The Wasps Monologue Thesis specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Oh! what tricks to secure acquittal! Ah! there is no form of flattery that is not addressed to the court! Some groan over their property and they exaggerate the truth in order to make their troubles equal to my own. Others tell us anecdotes or some comic story from ?sop. Others, again, cut jokes; they fancy I shall be appeased if I laugh. If we are not even then won over, why, then they drag forward their young children by the hand, both boys and girls, who prostrate themselves and whine with one accord, and then the father, trembling as if before a god, begs me not to condemn him out of pity for them, If you love the voice of the lamb, have pity on my son, and because I am fond of little sows, I must yield to his daughter\s prayers. Then we relax the heat of our wrath a little for him. Is not this great power indeed? A father on his death-bed names some husband for his daughter, who is his sole heir; but we care little for his will or for the shell so solemnly placed over the seal; we give the young maiden to him who has best known how to secure our favour. Name me another duty that is so important? But I am forgetting the most pleasing thing of all. When I return home with my pay, everyone runs to greet me because of my money. First my daughter bathes me, anoints my feet, stoops to kiss me and, while she is calling me her dearest father, fishes out my triobolus with her tongue. Then my little wife comes to wheedle me and brings a nice little cake; she sits beside me and entreats me in a thousand ways, Do take this now; do have some more. All this delights me hugely. Am I not equal to the king of the gods? If our assembly is noisy, all say as they pass, Great gods! the tribunal is rolling out its thunder! If I let loose the lightning, the richest, aye, the noblest are half dead with fright and crap themselves with terror. You yourself are afraid of me, yea, by Demeter! you are afraid.